CRISPR-Cas9 works by finding pieces of DNA, snipping it out, and replacing it with altered DNA.
According to a report from National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the changing temperatures around the world will make growing cacao plants almost impossible within the next 30 years. And the two West African nations that produce over half of the world's chocolate - Ghana and Ivory Coast - would feel the heat.
To help cacao survive, the genomics institute is working with food and candy company Mars, as part of the candy company's $1 billion commitment to reducing its carbon footprint. The company's chief sustainability officer, Barry Parkin, told BI UK his company is trying "to go all in".
She is leading a research lab at UC Berkeley that is using an emerging genetic engineering technology called CRISPR-Cas 9.
Jennifer Doudna, the UC Berkeley geneticist who invented CRISPR, is overseeing the collaboration. The acronym stands for "Clustered Regularly Inter-Spaced Palindromic Repeats". The other option is to start growing plants that thrive in the changing environment.
The team are also trying to tweak the DNA of cassava to make it produce less unsafe toxins in hotter weather. Late previous year, a number of outlets reported that global warming might make chocolate taste better.
Apparently, scientists don't believe there will enough increased rainfall to make up for the water which will be squeezed out of the plants and soil, meaning that farmers might be forced to push the production of the cacao plants higher up mountains.
Since the 1990s, more than a billion people from China, Indonesia, India, Brazil and the former Soviet Union have entered the market for cocoa. The agency recommends focusing on farming specific breeds of cacao seeds that are resistant to drought and supporting more efforts to grow cacao seeds using a traditional Brazilian method called cabruca, in which additional trees are planted in the rainforest to provide cacao trees with shade-a critical element the seeds need to survive.
"All the indicators are that we could be looking at a chocolate deficit of 100,000 tons a year in the next few years", he said.
The flick that also stars Anushka Sharma and Katrina Kaif in the lead roles, is slated to release on 21st December 2018. In the first look, Shahrukh is seen in digitally altered size, dancing around and making mischief.
Wind chills today are expected to be dangerously cold through the rest of the day and again overnight into Tuesday morning. A low pressure system moves by offshore and gives us a chance for snow Wednesday night into Thursday morning.
Dear @ instagram please put everything back in chronological order and stop doing the recommended posts . What's quite surprising is that Instagram has not made an official announcement about this new feature.
The most probable answer to that would be no as Dybala would command a transfer fee in the same region of Dembele if not more. But whatever the reason, it's high time Liverpool reported Barcelona over their antics over Coutinho .
The rookie will get a chance to get some tackles and break some passes, but that's about it. "We are going to go up and compete". Nate Sudfeld , seeing the first National Football League action of his career, made the most of his opportunity.
For the past near decade, Gruden has been an ESPN analyst, with constant rumors around where and when he would return to the game. They were the upstarts a year ago and were hot going into the playoffs until Derek Carr busted his ankle.
President Donald Trump has also joked that Pence "wants to hang" all gay people, according to The New Yorker . Pence has notoriously supported legislation that critics say discriminates against gay people.
The day's average air quality index (AQI) was at 400, classified as "very poor" by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB). Many tweeted photos of the overcrowded domestic terminal where passengers could be seen sitting on floors and staircases.
However, unconfirmed reports said one more militant was killed but bodies of only two have so far been recovered. He expressed his solidarity with the bereaved families and prayed for eternal peace to the departed souls.
Right now, the moon is very very full (7 photos)
In February, Elon Musk-owned SpaceX announced that it would be sending paying tourists to the moon in flights as early as 2018. The moon is set to reach its perigee, at a distance of 3.56 lakh km from the earth, at 3.34 am and will set around 7.54 am.
Oil prices stay high
Inventories are now down by nearly 20% from their historic highs last March and well below this time previous year or in 2015. OPEC cuts kicked off last January and are scheduled to continue throughout 2018.
Penn State Faithful Unite In Arizona
Penn State played the first half without ends Shaka Toney and Shareef Miller, as both were suspended according to an ESPN report. Penn State scored a pair of touchdowns in the first quarter and completely shut down Washington until late in the opening frame.